The presence of white flakes and a dry scalp are typical ways that people realize they have dandruff, caused by seborrheic dermatitis. While there are many ways that people attempt to treat the flaking of their skin cells, some ways are definitely better than others. This overview of the skin condition will demonstrate the latest acceptable treatments in this area of dermatology.
What Causes Dandruff?
Common causes of seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff are based on conjecture at the present time because dermatologists haven’t developed a complete and thorough understanding of the skin condition. Doctors know that the immune system plays a role. Also, sometimes the body vastly increases the secretions of natural oils and Malassezia, a fungus. While these are some of the causes of dandruff, it’s more important to focus on the symptoms.
Some of the most common issues signals of dandruff include:
- itchy scalp
- flaky skin
- dry skin
- red skin
With all these uncomfortable issues, people constantly look for hair products or medication that can help them overcome a flaky scalp.
The Dandruff Treatments Most People Use
After checking with a dermatologist, they will confirm that someone has dandruff and prescribe a course of treatment. Most often, they will recommend Shampooing with products containing antibacterial and antifungal properties. This is very effective at reducing white flakes and itchy scalp. Furthermore, they could recommend a conditioner as another part of the treatment. Yet, it’s not a good idea to go on Amazon and simply order the first thing that comes along. There are certain active ingredients that have more of an edge against the things that cause dandruff.
Common Ingredients in Dandruff Shampoo
Aside from getting a specific treatment from a dermatologist, one of the best approaches to treating dandruff is through hair care products. The active ingredients that are included in the anti-dandruff shampoo will often provide relief for people suffering from this ailment by being antifungal or antibacterial.
Some of the most effective ingredients are:
- zinc pyrithione
- selenium sulfide
- salicylic acid
- Coal Tar (T/gel)
These are many different ways that someone can treat dandruff with approved shampoos and conditioners, but there are also home remedies available.
What Home Remedies Work Best?
While it’s typically best to have a dermatologist recommend a course of action, there are home remedies that have been approved for treating dandruff.
Natural remedies include:
- tea tree oil
- coconut oil
- baking soda
- essential oils
- apple cider vinegar
These home remedies have limited efficacy and don’t have the support of studies to make them universally accepted. However, in a pinch, these can work for some people.
Whether someone is getting an over-the-counter treatment or going to their healthcare provider, there are many ways to get rid of the itchiness associated with dandruff. As more is learned about the causes of dandruff, better treatments will likely become available.